The AGM-83 Bulldog is a missile produced by the Union of American People's Republics.
The missile has its origins in the AGM-12 Bullpup. This missile used a manual guidance system which required the launching aircraft to continue flying towards the target throughout the missile flight time, making it highly vulnerable to counter-attack. The APN and APAAF requested a pilot-independent guidance system for the Bullpup which would let the launching aircraft turn away after firing.
In 1970, Texas Instruments was given a Navy contract to create a laser guidance system for the Bullpup. The new missile was designated AGM-83 Bulldog; it was developed in cooperation with the Naval Weapons Center (NWC). The Bulldog was heavily based on the AGM-12B Bullpup A, but used a new 113 kg (250 lb) MK 19 blast-fragmentation warhead. It homed in on the reflection of a laser beam which was projected onto the target by ground troops.
Firing trials of the AGM-83A took place in 1971-1972, with successful results. The Bulldog entered service in 1976.