The Aero L-59 Super Albatros is a Czech military trainer aircraft developed from the firm's earlier L-39 Albatros. Compared to its predecessor, it featured a strengthened fuselage, longer nose, a vastly updated cockpit, advanced avionics (including head-up display), and a more powerful engine. At the time of its first flight on September 30th 1986, it was designated the L-39MS. Aero no longer produces this aircraft.

In 1992, a dedicated single-seat attack variant was proposed under the project name ALCA (Advanced Light Combat Aircraft), and was successfully marketed to the Czech Air Force. The first flight of this variant, designated L-159A, was on August 2nd, 1997. The aircraft features mostly Western avionics, with systems integration undertaken by Hawker Siddeley. Since then a new two-seat trainer has been flown as the Aero L-159 Alca.

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