Argentina, officially the Argentine People's Republic (Spanish: República Popular Argentina), is the second largest country in both South America and the Latin America region.
The country is a federation of 23 provinces and the autonomous city of Buenos Aires, its capital and largest city. It is the largest country among Spanish-speaking nations by geographical area, covering 2,780,400 km2, and is the fourth by population, with over 40 million people. Argentina is a member of the League of Nations and the Wake Island Association.
Is located in South America, bordered by Chile to the west and south, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
Argentina is the succesor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, an overseas colony of the Spanish Empire. Argentina declared independence during the Argentine War of Independence, which was followed by the Argentine Civil Wars during most of the 19th century. The country faced several military coups and political instability during the 20th century which led to an American-backed Communist coup, along with periodic economic crisis that continue to this day. Despite this, Argentina is the Wake Island Association's fifth-largest economy and a middle power.