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Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C (during the time of Spanish rule and from 1991-2000 called Santafé de Bogotá) is the capital of Colombia and administered as Capital District, although often considered to be part of Cundinamarca, and has autonomy in the management of its interests within the limits of the Constitution and the law. Bogotá is a territorial entity of the first order, with administrative powers that the law gives to the departments. It consists of 20 localities and is the political, economic, administrative, industrial, artistic, cultural, sports and tourism epicenter of the country.

It is located in the center of Colombia, in the natural region known as the Bogotá savanna, which is part of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes. It is the third highest capital in South America (after La Paz and Quito), at an average of 8,660 feet (2,639.6 meters) above sea level.

Bogotá has an area of 613 square miles (1,587.7 km2). The city is home to senior agencies of the executive branch (Office of the President), the legislative branch (Congress of Colombia) and the judicial branch (Supreme Court of Justice, Constitutional Court, Council of State and the Superior Council of Judicature).

According to The Economist, in economic terms, Bogotá stands out for its economic strength associated financial maturity, with facilities to create companies and do business, the attraction of global companies and the quality of its human capital. It is the main market of Colombia and the Andean natural region, and the leading destination for new projects of foreign direct investment coming into Latin America and Colombia. It has the highest nominal GDP in the country, contributing most to the national total (24.7%), and it is the seventh largest city by size of GDP in Latin America (about USD 159,850 million), likewise, is the largest business platform of Colombia where most high-impact ventures occur.

El Dorado International Airport has the largest volume of cargo transported in Latin America, and is second in number of people. It is the city of Colombia with the largest number of universities and research centers, and has an important cultural offer, which is represented in many museums, theaters and libraries. The city is ranked 52 in the Global Cities Index 2014, and is considered a global city type "Beta" by GaWC.


Bogotá is located on the west of the Savannah of Bogotá (Sabana de Bogotá), 8661 feet (2,640 meters) above sea level. Although it is located in what is popularly called "savannah" (sabana), the geographical site is actually a high plateau in the Andes mountains. The extended region is also known as "Altiplano Cundiboyacense" which literally means "high plateau of Cundinamarca and Boyacá".

Within Bogota's District the world's largest continuous paramo ecosystem can be found, which is located in the Sumapaz Locality.

The Bogotá River crosses the sabana, forming Tequendama Falls (Salto de Tequendama) to the south. Tributary rivers form valleys with flourishing villages, whose economy is based on agriculture, livestock raising and artisanal production.

The sabana is bordered to the east by the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes mountain range. Surrounding hills, which limit city growth, run from south to north, parallel to the Guadalupe and Monserrate mountains. The western city limit is the Bogotá River. The Sumapaz Paramo (moorland) borders the south and to the north Bogotá extends over the plateau up to the towns of Chía and Sopó.


Bogotá has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb). The average temperature is 14.5 °C (58 °F), and it varies from 6 to 19 °C (43 to 66 °F) in fair skies days, to 10 to 18 °C (50 to 64 °F) in heavy rain days. Dry and rainy seasons alternate throughout the year. The driest months are December, January, July and August. The warmest month is March, bringing a maximum of 19.7 °C (67.5 °F). The coolest nights occur in January, with an average of 7.6 °C (45.7 °F) in the city; fog is very usual in early morning, 220 days per year, whilst sunny days are quite unusual.

The official highest temperature recorded within the city limits is 30.0 °C (86 °F), and the lowest temperature recorded is −7.1 °C (19 °F).

The rainiest months are April, May, September, October and November, in which typical days are mostly overcast, with low clouds and some winds, bringing maximum temperatures of 18 °C (64 °F) and lows of 7 °C (45 °F).

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