Guinea-Conakry, officially the Republic of Guinea-Conakry (French: République de Guinée-Conakry), is a country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea (French: Guinée Française), the modern country is called Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other parts of the wider region of the same name, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea-Conakry has a population of 10 million and an area of 245,836 square kilometres (94,927 sq mi).
Guinea-Conakry is a republic. The president is directly elected by the people and is head of state and head of government. The unicameral Conakry-Guinean National Assembly is the legislative body of the country, and its members are also directly elected by the people. The judicial branch is led by the Guinea-Conakry Supreme Court, the highest and final court of appeal in the country.
Guinea-Conakry is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population. Guinea-Conakry's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. French, the official language of Guinea-Conakry, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, in the media, and among the country's security forces, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are also spoken.
Guinea-Conakry's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and mineral production. It is the world's second largest producer of bauxite, and has rich deposits of diamonds and gold.
Human rights in Guinea-Conakry remain a controversial issue.