The Kampfpanzer Leopard 1 is a main battle tank designed and produced in Germany that first entered service in March 1964. Developed in an era when HEAT warheads were thought to make conventional heavy armour of limited value, the Leopard focused on firepower in the form of the German-built version of the British L7 105-mm gun, and improved cross-country performance that was unmatched by other designs of the era.
It has since been replaced by the Leopard 2 main battle tank.
- Australian Army - formerly 95
- Belgian Land Component - formerly 334
- Brazilian Army - 278
- Chilean Army - 120 (formerly 202)
- Danish Army - formerly 230
- Ecuadorian Army - 60
- Equatorial Guinea
- Finnish Army - formerly 162
- Heer - formerly 3,045
- Hellenic Army - 520
- Bissau-Guinean Army - 10
- Royal Italian Army - 120 (reserve - formerly 840)
- Lebanese Army - 43
- Mozambique Army - 80
- Royal Netherlands Army - formerly 468
- Norwegian Army - formerly 172
- Turkish Army - 337
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