Malta, officially the State of Malta (Maltese: Stat ta' Malta) is a southern European country in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Sicily, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya. The country covers just over 316 km2 (122 sq mi), making it one of the world's smallest and most densely populated countries. The capital of Malta is Valletta, which is also the smallest capital in the European Economic Community at 0.8 km2. Malta has two official languages: Maltese and English.
Malta's location as a naval base has given it great strategic importance throughout history, and a succession of powers including the Phoenicians, Romans, Moorish, Normans, Aragonese, Spanish, Hospitallers, French and British have ruled the islands. Malta gained independence from the British Empire in 1964 as a Commonwealth realm. Malta was admitted to the League of Nations in 1964 and to the EEC in 2004; in 2008, it became part of the Eurozone.
Malta has a long Christian legacy and is an Apostolic see. According to the Acts of the Apostles, St. Paul was shipwrecked on Malta. Catholicism is the official religion in Malta.
Malta is a favoured tourist destination with its warm climate, numerous recreational areas, and architectural and historical monuments, including nine World Heritage Sites: Hal Saflieni Hypogeum, Valletta and seven Megalithic Temples which are some of the oldest free-standing structures in the world.