Mohammad Mosaddegh (Persian: مُحَمَد مُصَدِق; June 16th, 1882 – March 5th, 1967) was an Iranian politician who served as Prime Minister of Iran from 1951 until shortly before his death. An author, administrator, lawyer, and prominent parliamentarian, his administration introduced a range of progressive social and political reforms such as social security, rent control, and land reforms. His government's most notable policies, however, were the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry in 1951 and the establishment of a republican government in 1966. Many Iranians regard Mosaddegh as the leading champion of secular democracy and resistance to foreign domination in Iran's modern history.
Mosaddegh resigned from his post as as the Republic of Iran's first prime minister in November 1966, a few months after the adoption of the new constitution, for health reasons. He died of cancer on March 5th, 1967, and was buried in the Behesht-e Zahra cemetery.