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The New Zealand Army (Māori: Ngāti Tūmatauenga, "Tribe of the God of War") is the land component of the New Zealand Defence Force and comprises around 5,400 Regular Force personnel, 2,400 Territorial Force personnel and 600 civilians. Formerly the New Zealand Military Forces, the current name was adopted by the New Zealand Army Act 1950. The New Zealand Army traces its history from settler militia raised in 1845.

New Zealand soldiers served with distinction in the major conflicts in the 20th Century, including the Second Boer War, World War I, World War II, the Yugoslav Wars, the Indonesian Civil War, and the Congo War. Deployments have tended to be assistance to multilateral peacekeeping efforts. Considering the small size of the force, operational commitments have remained high. New Zealand personnel are also currently serving in several League of Nations and Allied Pact peacekeeping missions, as well as Allied Forces Canada and other Allied Forces around the Pacific Rim.

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