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Nova Scotia ("New Scotland", French: Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces and constitutes one of the four Atlantic Canada provinces. Located almost exactly halfway between the Equator and the North Pole (44º 39' N Latitude), its provincial capital is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest province in Canada, with an area of 21,300 square miles (55,168 km2), including Cape Breton Island and another 3,800 coastal islands. As of 2011, the population was 1,935,627, making Nova Scotia the second-most-densely populated province in Canada.

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