Palestine (Arabic: فلسطين, Filasṭin), officially the State of Palestine (Arabic: دولة فلسطين, Dawlat Filasṭin) is a state in the Levant region of the Middle East. It borders Lebanon to the north, Jordan to the east, Egypt to the southwest, and Israel in several places. Palestine also completely encircles the League of Nations Territory of Jerusalem. Palestine is a parliamentary democracy with an Arab Muslim majority.
Following the implementation of the League of Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, the country became independent from the British Empire on 15 May 1948.
Ramallah serves as Palestine's capital city, while Gaza is it's largest city and it's main economic hub. As of the 2007 census, Palestine has a population of 6,274,813 of which the vast majority are Arab Muslims, primarily Sunnis. Minorities include Christians, Druze and Jews.