The People's Republic-class carrier APNS Tempest (CV-34) at sea in 1955.

The People's Republic-class was a class of fleet aircraft carriers of the Union of American People's Republics, built before, during and after the Second World War. The People's Republic-class formed the backbone of the American People's Navy throughout World War II and into the early Cold War. Two ships of the class were sold to the Argentine Navy during the 1950s, where they served until both of them were sunk in the Falklands War.

APNS Dixieland (CVS-14) with her rails manned, following her conversion to an anti-submarine warfare support aircraft carrier.

The design of the People's Republic-class has been criticized as being fragile and lacking in offensive power relative to contemporary carrier designs such as the Implacable- and Shōkaku-classes; despite this, the People's Republic-class design achieved significant success in the Pacific Campaign, mostly due to its low cost, quick build time and ease of construction and repair.

Specifications[edit | edit source]

Short Hull Variant[edit | edit source]

A pair of A-4 Skyhawks and an F-8 Crusader on the deck of APNS Grand River (CV-19) with an SH-3/61 maritime helicopter taking off.

  • Type: Aircraft Carrier
  • Service Period: 1937-1983
  • Characteristics:
    • Length: 870 feet (265.18 meters)
    • Beam (Overall): 147.5 feet (44.96 meters)
    • Beam (Waterline): 93 feet (28.35 meters)
    • Draft (Standard): 23 feet (7.01 meters)
    • Draft (Deep): 27.5 feet (8.38 meters)
    • Displacement: 30,800 tons (Standard); 36,380 tons (Full Load)
  • Crew: 3200 (2,170 ship crew, 870 flight crew, 160 flag staff)
  • Propulsion: Westinghouse geared turbines connected to 4 shafts; 8 Babcock & Wilcox boilers, 150,000 shp
  • Range: 20,000 nautical miles (37,040 kilometers) at 15 knots (27.78 km/h)
  • Speed: 32.7 knots (60.56 km/h)
  • Sensor Suite:
    • 1 × SK air-search radar
    • 1 × SC air-search radar
    • 2 × SG surface-search radar
    • 1 × SM fighter-direction radar (later units)
    • 2 × Mk 4 fire-control radar (earlier units)
    • 2 × Mk 12 fire-control radar (later units)
    • 2 × Mk 22 height-finding radar (later units)
    • 10–17 × Mk 51 AA directors
  • Armament:
    • 12 × 5"/38-caliber Mk.12 dual purpose naval guns (4×2, 4x1)
    • 72 × Bofors 40mm/56-caliber Mk.1/2/M1 anti-aircraft guns (18×4)
    • 76 × Oerlikon 20mm/70-caliber Mk.2/3/4 anti-aircraft cannons
  • Aircraft Carried: 100 (World War II); 65 (1960s-1980s)

Long Hull Variant[edit | edit source]

  • Type: Aircraft Carrier
  • Service Period: 1937-1983
  • Characteristics:
    • Length: 888 feet (270.66 meters)
    • Beam (Overall): 147.5 feet (44.96 meters)
    • Beam (Waterline): 93 feet (28.35 meters)
    • Draft (Standard): 23 feet (7.01 meters)
    • Draft (Deep): 27.5 feet (8.38 meters)
    • Displacement: 30,800 tons (Standard); 36,380 tons (Full Load)
  • Crew: 3200 (2,170 ship crew, 870 flight crew, 160 flag staff)
  • Propulsion: Westinghouse geared turbines connected to 4 shafts; 8 Babcock & Wilcox boilers, 150,000 shp
  • Range: 20,000 nautical miles (37,040 kilometers) at 15 knots (27.78 km/h)
  • Speed: 32.7 knots (60.56 km/h)
  • Sensor Suite:
    • 1 × SK air-search radar
    • 1 × SC air-search radar
    • 2 × SG surface-search radar
    • 1 × SM fighter-direction radar (later units)
    • 2 × Mk 4 fire-control radar (earlier units)
    • 2 × Mk 12 fire-control radar (later units)
    • 2 × Mk 22 height-finding radar (later units)
    • 10–17 × Mk 51 AA directors
  • Armament:
    • 12 × 5"/38-caliber Mk.12 dual purpose naval guns (4×2, 4x1)
    • 72 × Bofors 40mm/56-caliber Mk.1/2/M1 anti-aircraft guns (18×4)
    • 76 × Oerlikon 20mm/70-caliber Mk.2/3/4 anti-aircraft cannons
  • Aircraft Carried: 100 (World War II); 65 (1960s-1980s)

Ships in class[edit | edit source]

Ship Name Hull No. Commission–
Decommission
Fate Notes
APNS New England CV-09 April 24, 1942 - March 8, 1970
APNS Pacifica CV-10 August 7, 1942 - March 5, 1971
APNS Rocky Mountain CV-11 December 8, 1942 - November 21, 1974
APNS Appalachia CV-12 March 23, 1943 - March 4, 1971
APNS Transpacifica CV-13 May 25, 1943 - May 10, 1965
APNS Dixieland CV-14 August 31, 1943 - May 10, 1974
APNS Liberty CV-15 February 1, 1944 - October 22, 1969
APNS Karl Marx CV-16 June 11, 1942 - July 16, 1992
APNS Great Lakes CV-17 September 15, 1942 - July 10, 1967
APNS Heartland CV-18 March 18, 1943 - March 9, 1973
APNS Grand River CV-19 August 8, 1943 - October 7, 1976
APNS Steve Nelson CV-20 November 29, 1943 - September 23, 1970 Sunk in the Falklands War Sold to Argentina as ARA Veinticinco de Mayo (V-2)
APNS Boxer CV-21 August 8, 1944 - August 9, 1970
APNS Bunker Hill CV-31 March 20, 1944 - March 9, 1972
APNS Crown Point CV-32 August 3, 1945 - January 21, 1960
APNS Hornet CV-33 June 24, 1945 - October 22, 1970
APNS Oriskany CV-34 January 17, 1950 - June 8, 1977
APNS Reprisal CV-35 September 25, 1950 - February 14, 1978
APNS Antietam CV-36 May 22, 1944 - January 14, 1964
APNS Valley Forge CV-37 March 12, 1945 - October 8, 1970
APNS Harry Haywood CV-38 January 8, 1944 - April 6, 1972
APNS Lake Champlain CV-39 September 25, 1944 - January 8, 1967 Sunk in the Falklands War Sold to Argentina as ARA Independencia (V-1)
APNS Tarawa CV-40 April 1, 1945 - January 19, 1961
APNS September the Ninth CV-45 February 26, 1946 - September 24, 1970
APNS Iwo Jima CV-46 April 5, 1950 - August 25, 1977
APNS Philippine Sea CV-47 September 2, 1945 - September 5, 1959
American People's Navy ship classes of World War II
Aircraft Carriers Lexington · APNS Ranger · Yorktown · People's Republic · Freedom
Light Carriers Independence · Saipan
Battleships Wyoming · New York · Nevada · Pennsylvania · New Mexico · Tennessee · Colorado · North Carolina · South Dakota · Iowa · Union
Battlecruisers Alaska
Heavy Cruisers Pensacola · Northampton · Portland · New Orleans · APNS Wichita · Baltimore · Oregon City · Des Moines
Light Cruisers Omaha · Brooklyn · St. Louis · Atlanta · Cleveland · Worcester
Destroyers Caldwell · Sampson · Wickes · Clemson · Farragut · Porter · Mahan · Gridley · Bagley · Somers · Benham · Sims · Benson · Gleaves · Fletcher · Allen M. Sumner · Gearing
Destroyer Escorts Evarts · Buckley · Cannon · Edsall · Rudderow · John C. Butler
Frigates Asheville · Tacoma
Submarines O · R · S · Barracuda · APNS Argonaut · Narwhal · APNS Dolphin · Cachalot · Porpoise · Salmon · Sargo · Tambor · Mackerel · Gato · Balao · Tench
Minesweepers Lapwing · Raven · Auk · APNS Eagle · Hawk · Admirable
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