The service rifle (also known as standard-issue rifle) of a given army or armed force is that which it issues as standard to its soldiers. In modern forces, this is typically a highly versatile and rugged assault rifle, battle rifle, carbine, or designated marksman rifle suitable for use in nearly all theatres and environments. Service rifles are also often selected for their upgradability (e.g., the addition of underslung grenade launchers, sights, torches, laser sights, etc.)

Although certain weapons issued to special forces units are rarely considered "service weapons" in the truest sense, certain specialist rifles and submachine guns are categorized as such if issued as per standing operating procedures upon entering special environments or scenarios. These may include urban warfare (FIBUA/MOUT) and jungle warfare environments.

Most armies also have service pistols.

Contents

History[edit | edit source]

Originally, rifles used in combat were not standard-issue weapons like the service rifles of today. Rifles were for specialist marksmen only, whilst the ordinary infantry were issued less accurate smoothbore muskets which had a higher rate of fire, with bore diameters as high as 19 mm, or 0.75 inch. By the middle of the 19th century, however, rifles were becoming more and more common on the battlefield, with muskets being phased out. Originally, these combat rifles were single-shot muzzle-loading weapons, but as technology advanced through the 18th and 19th centuries, so too did the technique of loading rounds. First, breech-loading firearms, like the Prussian Needle gun of the mid-19th century came to prominence, which then evolved into repeating weapons, such as the bolt-action Mosin-Nagant rifle used by Imperial Russia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and the Soviet Union in World War II. By this time almost all prominent armies in the world had some sort of standard service rifle.

During the Second World War, there was yet another leap forward in rifle design which was to influence service rifles even today. That is, the use of a fired cartridge's gas emissions to automatically rechamber rounds into the breech once a bullet had been fired, as well as expelling the old cartridge. These "battle rifles", as they were called, usually fired a "full-sized" (as opposed to an intermediate) rifle cartridge, such as the .30-06 Springfield or .303 British. Another type of commonly issued rifle which was to become well known during this time was the assault rifle, a (usually) fully automatic rifle firing a lighter "intermediate" cartridge, as opposed to the full-sized cartridges used by battle rifles. The first of these was the Sturmgewehr 44, used by Nazi Germany in the later stages of the Second World War. The StG44 was not issued in large numbers, and was never adopted as Germany's service rifle. However, this weapon was to serve as the precursor to other assault rifles such as the Soviet AK-47, the American M-16/70, the Belgian FN FAL, the German G3 and the Swiss Sturmgewehr 57, which today supersede battle rifles as the service rifle of choice for militaries the world over.

Service rifles by nation[edit | edit source]

Afghanistan[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
AK-47 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1973-

Albania[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1960s-
Beretta ARX160 Selective fire .280 British 2016-

Algeria[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
AKM Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1962-
Beretta ARX160 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 2014-

America and United States[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Model 1795 Musket Flintlock .69 Ball 1795–1842
Model 1803 Rifle Flintlock .54 Ball 1803-1841
Model 1812 Musket Flintlock .69 Ball 1812–1842
Model 1814 Rifle Flintlock .54 Ball 1814-1841
Model 1816 Musket Flintlock .69 Ball 1816–1842
Model 1817 Rifle Flintlock .54 Ball 1817–1842
Model 1822 Musket Flintlock .69 Ball 1822–1865
Springfield Model 1842 Percussion cap .69 Ball 1835–1842
Springfield Model 1855 Percussion cap .58 Minié 1854-1861
Spencer Repeating Rifle Lever-action 56-56 Spencer 1860–1873
Springfield Model 1861 Percussion cap .58 Minié 1861–1867
Henry Repeating Rifle Lever-action .44 Henry 1862–1873
Springfield Model 1863 Percussion cap .58 Minié 1863–1865
Springfield Model 1865 Breech-loading .58 Musket Rimfire 1865–1867
Springfield Model 1866 Breech-loading .50-70 Government 1866–1873
Springfield Model 1868 Breech-loading .50-70 Government 1869–1873
Springfield Model 1873 Breech-loading .45-70 1873–1892
Springfield Model 1884 Breech-loading .45-70 1884–1894
Springfield Model 1892-99 Bolt-action .30-40 Krag 1894–1907
M1895 Lee Navy Bolt-action 6mm Lee Navy 1895-1907
M1903 Springfield Bolt-action .30-06 Springfield 1903–1975
M1916 Mosin–Nagant Bolt-action 7.62×54R 1916–1919
M1917 Enfield Bolt-action .30-06 Springfield 1917–1953
SDI M-1/36 Semi-automatic .30-06 Springfield 1936–1963
NHDI M-2/45 Carbine Semi-automatic .30 Carbine 1942–1960s
SDI M-14/59 Selective fire 7.62x51mm American 1959-1970
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1970-
FDI M-4/94 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1994-

Angola[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1961-

Arabia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1968-
Steyr AUG Selective fire .280 British 1980-
Heckler & Koch G36 Selective fire .280 British 2008-

Argentina[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Remington EN M1879 Rolling block .43 Spanish 1879-1891
Mauser Modelo Argentino 1891 Bolt-action 7.65x53mm Argentine 1891-1909
Mauser Modelo Argentino 1909 Bolt-action 7.65x53mm Argentine 1909-1970s
M1903 Springfield Bolt-action .30-06 Springfield 1940s-1970s
FR M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56×45mm American 1978-

Australia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1901-1950s
L1A1 SLR Selective fire .280 British 1957-1988
Steyr AUG Selective fire .280 British 1988-

Austria[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Lorenz Rifle Rifled musket .54 1854-1867
Wanzl Rifle Trapdoor breechloader 14mm Wanzl rimfire 1854-1867
M1867 Werndl-Holub Rotary block 11x42mm 1867-1886
M1886 Mannlicher Bolt-action 11x42 mm/8x52 mm 1886-1895
Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 Straight-pull 8x50mm Mannlicher/8x56mm Steyr 1895-1938
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1950-1958
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1958-
Steyr AUG Selective fire .280 British 1978-

Bahrain[edit | edit source]

Belarus[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1948-1989
Kbk wz. 1988 Tantal Selective fire .280 British 1989-

Belgium[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Albini rifle Hinged breechblock 11mm 1867-?
FN Mauser M1889 Bolt-action 7.65x53mm Argentine 1889-1940
FN Mauser M1936 Bolt-action 7.65x53mm Argentine 1936-1949
FN Model 1949 Semi-automatic .303 British 1949-1956
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1953-1995
FN FNC Selective fire .280 British 1979-
FN SCAR Selective fire .280 British 2015-

Benin[edit | edit source]

Bhutan[edit | edit source]

Bolivia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Vz. 24 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm 1932-1970s
FR M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56×45mm American 1978-

Bosnia[edit | edit source]

Brazil[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
M1873 Brazilian Comblain Falling block 11x53mm 1873-1892
M88 German Commission Rifle Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1892-1894
Mauser M1894 Rifle Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1894-1908
Mauser M1908 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1908-1954
Itajuba M954 Mosquetão Bolt-action .303 British 1954-1968
FN Model 1949 Semi-automatic .303 British 1950s-1968
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1964-
Itajuba M968 Mosquefal Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1968-
IMBEL MD Selective fire .280 British 1985-
IMBEL MD97 Selective fire .280 British 1997-
IMBEL IA2 Selective fire .280 British 2013-

British Empire[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Brown Bess Flintlock .75 Ball 1722-1838
Ferguson rifle Breech-loading .650 Ball 1776
Baker rifle Flintlock .615 Ball 1801-1837
Brunswick rifle Percussion cap .704 Ball 1837-1851
Pattern 1853 Enfield Percussion cap .577 Ball 1853-1867
Snider-Enfield Breech-loading .577 Snider 1866-1901
Martini-Henry Breech-loading .577/450 Martini-Henry 1871-1888
Lee-Metford Bolt-action .303 British 1888-1926
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1895-1957
Pattern 1914 Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1914-1947
Remington Model 1901 Rolling block 7x57mm Mauser 1915-1918
L1A1 SLR Semi-automatic .280 British 1956-2014
C15 Grizzly Selective fire .280 Brtitish 2014-

Bulgaria[edit | edit source]

Burkina Faso[edit | edit source]

Cambodia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
MAS-36 Bolt-action 7.5x54mm French 1940s-1985
Arisaka Type 38 Bolt-action 6.5x50mm Arisaka 1941-1945
Arisaka Type 99 Bolt-action 6.5x50mm Arisaka 1941-1945
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1950s-1985
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1960s-1985
AK-47 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1960s-1985
FN FNC Selective fire .280 British 1985-

Cameroun[edit | edit source]

Canada[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Ross Rifle Bolt-action .303 British 1905-1916
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1916-1954
C1A1 SLR Selective fire .280 British 1954-2014
C15 Grizzly Selective fire .280 British 2014-

Cape Verde[edit | edit source]

Central African Republic[edit | edit source]

Chile[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Fusil Gras mle 1874 Bolt-action 11x59mmR 1874-1905
Mauser Model 1895 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1895-1970s
Mauser Model 1912 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1912-1970s
SIG SG 510 Selective fire .280 British 1960s-
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1970s-
SIG SG 540 Selective fire .280 British 1980s-
IWI ACE Selective fire .280 British 2014-

People's Republic of China[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
SDI M-1/36 Semi-automatic .30-06 Springfield 1949-
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56×45mm American 1981-
QBZ-95 Selective fire 5.8x42mm DBP87 1995-
QBZ-03 Selective fire 5.8x42mm DBP87 2003-

Republic of China[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Hanyang Type 88 Bolt-action 7.92×57mm Mauser 1888–1949
Gewehr 98 Bolt-action 7.92×57mm Mauser 1911–1949
Vz. 24 Bolt-action 7.92×57mm Mauser 1924-1950s
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92×57mm Mauser 1935–1950s
Chiang Kai-shek rifle Bolt-action 7.92×57mm Mauser 1935–1950s
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1936-1968
L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle Selective fire .280 British 1968-2003
T65 assault rifle Selective fire .280 British 1976-
T91 assault rifle Selective fire .280 British 2003-

Colombia[edit | edit source]

Comoros[edit | edit source]

Congo[edit | edit source]

Costa Rica[edit | edit source]

Croatia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92×57mm Mauser 1941–1945
FN Model 24 Bolt-action 7.92×57mm Mauser 1941–1945
Zastava M70 Selective fire 7.62×39mm Soviet 1991–2015
HS Produkt VHS Selective fire .280 British 2008–

Cuba[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Spanish Mauser Bolt-action 7×57mm Mauser 1902-1923
M1903 Springfield Bolt-action .30-06 Springfield 1923-1947
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1947-1958
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1958-1968
FN Model 1949 Semi-automatic .303 British 1961-
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1962-

Cyprus[edit | edit source]

Czechia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
vz. 24 Bolt-action 7.92×57mm Mauser 1924-1952
vz. 33 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1934-1945
vz. 52 Semi-automatic 7.62×45mm 1952-1959
vz. 58 Selective fire 7.62×45mm 1959-
CZ 805 BREN Selective fire 7.62×45mm 2010-

Denmark[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Pattern 1853 Enfield Percussion cap .577 Ball 1853-1867
Remington Rolling Block rifle Rolling block 11mm Danish 1867-1889
Gevær M. 1889 Bolt-action 8x58RD 1889- In service with Sirius Dog Sled Patrol
Gevær M/75 Selective fire .280 British 1975-
Gevær M/95 Selective fire .280 British 1995-

Djibouti[edit | edit source]

Dominican Republic[edit | edit source]

Ecuador[edit | edit source]

Egypt[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1922-1967
FN Model 1949 Semi-automatic 7.92x57mm Mauser 1949-1967
Ag m/42 Semi-automatic 6.5x55mm 1950s-1967
Hakim Rifle Semi-automatic 7.92x57mm Mauser 1950s-1967
Rasheed Carbine Semi-automatic .280 British 1950s-1967
vz. 58 Selective fire 7.62x45mm 1967-
CZ 805 BREN Selective fire 7.62x45mm 2017-

El Salvador[edit | edit source]

Equatorial Guinea[edit | edit source]

Eritria[edit | edit source]

Estonia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Mosin-Nagant Bolt-action 7.62x54mmR 1918-1966
Pattern 1914 Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1920-1966
RK 62 Selective fire .280 British 1966-2000s
IMI Galil Selective fire .280 British 1994-
Ak 4 Selective fire .280 British 2002-
IWI ACE Selective fire .280 British 2020-

Ethiopia[edit | edit source]

Finland[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Mosin-Nagant Bolt-action 7.62x54mmR 1891-1970
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1940-1970
RK 62 Selective fire .280 British 1962-
RK 95 TP Selective fire .280 British 1995-

France[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Charleville musket Flintlock .65 Ball 1717-1840
Musket Model 1777 Flintlock .69 Ball 1777-1826
Delvigne rifle Flintlock .69 Ball 1826-1846
Thouvenin Carabine à tige Percussion cap .69 Ball 1846-1851
Minié rifle Percussion cap .58 Minié 1848-1866
Tabatière rifle Breech-loading .58 Minié 1864-1870
Chassepot M1866 Bolt-action 11mm 1867-1874
Remington Rolling Block rifle Rolling block .43 Egyptian c. 1870
Gras M1874 Bolt-action 11x59mmR 1874-1886
Lebel Model 1886 rifle Bolt-action 8mm Lebel 1886-1940
Berthier rifle Bolt-action 8mm Lebel 1902-1960s
MAS-36 Bolt-action 7.5x54mm French 1936-1964
MAS-49 Semi-automatic 7.5x54mm French 1949-1990
CEAM Modèle 1950 Selective fire 7.5x38mm 1958-1982
FAMAS Selective fire 7.5x38mm 1981-2017
PAPOP-2 Selective fire 7.5x38mm 2017-

Gabon[edit | edit source]

Germany[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Potsdam musket Flintlock .71 ball 1723-1839
Model 1839 Potsdam musket Flintlock 15.4mm 1839-1861
Dreyse needle gun Breech-loading 15.4mm 1842-1870
M1871 Mauser Bolt-action 11x60mm Mauser 1871-1888
Gewehr 1888 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1888-1915
Gewehr 98 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1898-1935
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1935-1949
StG 44 Selective fire 7.92x33mm Kurz 1943-1962
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1959-1997
Heckler & Koch G36 Selective fire .280 British 1997-
Heckler & Koch HK416 Selective fire .280 British 2018-

Greece[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Gras M1874 Bolt-action 11x59mmR 1877-1913
Mannlicher–Schönauer Bolt-action 6.5x54mm 1903-1941
FN Model 1930 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1930s-1941
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1941-1965
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1965-2000
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1982-
SIG SG 550 Selective fire .280 British 1993-

Guatemala[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
SDI M-1/36 Semi-automatic .30-06 Springfield 1950s-1977
NHDI M-2/45 Carbine Semi-automatic .30 carbine 1950s-1977
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1977-

Guinea-Bissau[edit | edit source]

Guinea-Conakry[edit | edit source]

Haiti[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Krag–Jørgensen Bolt-action .30-40 Krag 1915-1930s
M1903 Springfield Bolt-action .30-06 Springfield 1930s-1950s
FN Model 1924 Bolt-action .30-06 Springfield 1930s-1990s
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1950s-

Honduras[edit | edit source]

Hungary[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
35M rifle Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1935-1960s
AK-63 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1960-2018
AMD-65 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1966-1990
AMP-69 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1979-2018
CZ 805 BREN Selective fire 7.62x45mm 2018-

Indonesia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Arisaka Type 38 Bolt-action 6.5x50mm Arisaka 1940s-1950s
Arisaka Type 99 Bolt-action 7.7x58mm Arisaka 1940s-1950s
SDI M-1/36 Semi-automatic .30-06 Springfield 1945-1970s
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1958-1990s
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1961-
Pindad SS1 Selective fire .280 British 1991-
Pindad SS2 Selective fire .280 British 2006-

Iran[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Gewehr 98 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1900s-1950s
vz. 24 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1929-1960s
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1966-1994
AK-74 Selective fire 5.45x39mm 1991-
KH-2002 Selective fire 5.45x39mm 2002-
Fateh rifle Selective fire 5.45x39mm 2016-

Iraq[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1930s-1950s
AK-47 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1958-
AKM Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1960s-
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 2007-

Ireland[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1924-1961
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1961-1989
Steyr AUG Selective fire .280 British 1989-

Israel[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1948-1958
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1948-1974
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1955-1981
IMI Galil Selective fire .280 British 1974-
IWI Tavor Selective fire .280 British 2005-2009
IWI Tavor X95 Selective fire .280 British 2009-
IWI Carmel Selective fire .280 British 2020-

Italy[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
M1870 Italian Vetterli Bolt-action 10.4mm Vetterli 1870-1892
Carcano Bolt-action 6.5x52mm Mannlicher-Carcano 1892-1959
Beretta BM-59 Selective fire .280 British 1959-1990
Beretta AR70/90 Selective fire .280 British 1990-
Beretta ARX160 Selective fire .280 British 2008-

Ivory Coast[edit | edit source]

People's Republic of Japan[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
SDI M-1/36 Semi-automatic .30-06 Springfield 1954-1964
SDI M-14/59 Selective fire 7.62x51mm American 1964-1980
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1979-

Republic of Japan[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Snider-Enfield Breech-loading .577 Snider 1868-1880
Murata rifle Bolt-action 11x60mmR Murata 1880-1905
Type 30 rifle Bolt-action 6.5x50mm Arisaka 1897-1905
Arisaka Type 38 Bolt-action 6.5x50mm Arisaka 1905-1947
Arisaka Type 99 Bolt-action 7.7x58mm Arisaka 1939-1964
Howa Type 64 Selective fire .280 British 1964-
Howa Type 89 Selective fire .280 British 1989-
Howa Type 20 Selective fire .280 British 2020-

Jordan[edit | edit source]

Korea[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Type 13 Murata Bolt-action 11x60mmR Murata 1881-1897
Enfield Pattern 1853 Percussion cap .577 Ball 1882-1897
Remington Rolling Block rifle Rolling block .50-70 Government 1884-1897
Berdan rifle Bolt-action 10.75x58mm 1897-1907
Mauser Model 1871 Bolt-action 11x60mm Mauser 1897-1907
SDI M-1/36 Semi-automatic .30-06 Springfield 1948-1978
NHDI M-2/45 Carbine Semi-automatic .30 Carbine 1948-1978
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1974-2017
K1 rifle Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1981-
K2 rifle Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1984-

Kuwait[edit | edit source]

Laos[edit | edit source]

Latvia[edit | edit source]

Lebanon[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
MAS-49 rifle Semi-automatic 7.5x54mm French 1950-1958
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1956-1990
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1975-

Liberia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
NHDI M-2/45 Carbine Semi-automatic .30 Carbine 1950s-1990s
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1950s-1990s
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1970s-
AK-47 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1990s-

Libya[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1960s-
AK-47 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1960s-

Lithuania[edit | edit source]

Luxembourg[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Mauser M 98 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1898-1940
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1945-1949
Ross rifle Bolt-action .303 British 1945-1949
Pattern 1914 Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1945-1949
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1945-1952
FN Model 1949 Semi-automatic .30-06 Springfield 1951-1956
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1956-1996
Steyr AUG Selective fire .280 British 1996-

Macedonia[edit | edit source]

Madagascar[edit | edit source]

Mali[edit | edit source]

Malta[edit | edit source]

Manchuria[edit | edit source]

Mauritania[edit | edit source]

Mexico[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Springfield Model 1873 Breech-loading .45-70 1873-1890s
Winchester Model 1895 Lever-action .30-06 Springfield 1895-1920s
Mauser Model 1985 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1895-1902
Gewehr 98 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1902-1954
SDI M-1/36 Semi-automatic .30-06 Springfield 1954-1963
SDI M-14/59 Selective fire 7.62x51mm American 1963-1978
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 1971-
FX-05 Xiuhcoatl Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 2006-

Mongolia[edit | edit source]

Morocco[edit | edit source]

Mozambique[edit | edit source]

Namibia[edit | edit source]

Nepal[edit | edit source]

Netherlands[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Dutch Snider Breech-loading 17.5x29mmR 1867-1871
Dutch Beaumont M71 Bolt-action 11.3x50mmR 1871-1888
Dutch Beaumont-Vital M1871/88 Bolt-action 11.3x50mmR 1888-1895
Geweer M. 95 Bolt-action 6.5x53mmR 1895-1949
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1945-1961
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1961-1995
Heckler & Koch G36 Selective fire .280 British 1995-

New Zealand[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1900s-1950s
L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle Selective fire .280 British 1950s-1980s
Steyr AUG Selective fire .280 British 1980s-
C15 Grizzly Selective fire .280 British 2017-

Nicaragua[edit | edit source]

Niger[edit | edit source]

Norway[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Kammerlader Breech-loading .69 Ball 1842-1894
Remington M1867 Rolling block 12.17x42mm RF 1867-1895
Jarmann M1884 Bolt-action 10.15x61mmR 1884-1900
Krag–Jørgensen Bolt-action 6.5x55mm 1894-1949
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1940-1952
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92x75mm Mauser 1945-1968
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1968-2020
Heckler & Koch HK416 Selective fire .280 British 2008-

Oman[edit | edit source]

Palestine[edit | edit source]

Panama[edit | edit source]

Paraguay[edit | edit source]

Peru[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
SDI M-14/59 Selective fire 7.62x51mm American 1959-2014
Fusil Automático Doble Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 2008-

Philippines[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Remington Rolling Block rifle Rolling block .43 Spanish 1896-1901
Mauser Model 1893 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1898-1901
M1903 Springfield Bolt-action .30-06 Springfield 1906-1951
M1917 Enfield Bolt-action .30-06 Springfield 1920s-1960s
Model 45A Selective fire .30-06 Springfield 1951-1978
Steyr AUG Selective fire .280 British 1978-
Special Operations Assault Rifle Selective fire .280 British 2004-

Poland[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Mosin-Nagant Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1918-1950s
Gewehr 98 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1918-1939
Kbsp wz. 1938M Semi-automatic 7.92x57mm Mauser 1938-1939
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1940-1960s
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1952-1989
Kbk wz. 88 "Tantal" Selective fire .280 British 1989-2005
Kbk wz. 96 "Beryl" Selective fire .280 British 1997-
MSBS "Grot" Selective fire .280 British 2018-

Portugal[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Pattern 1853 Enfield Percussion cap .577 Minié 1859-1872
Snider-Enfield Breech-loading .577 Snider 1872-1910
Kropatschek rifle Bolt-action 8x60mm Guedes 1886-1961
Mauser-Vergueiro Bolt-action 6.5x58mm Vergueiro 1904-1960s
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1937-1960s
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1961-1997
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1961-1997
Heckler & Koch G36 Selective fire .280 British 1997-
FN SCAR Selective fire .280 British 2019-

Puerto Rico[edit | edit source]

Qatar[edit | edit source]

Romania[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
M1868 Romanian Peabody Falling block .45 Romanian 1868-1893
Martini-Henry Falling block .45 Romanian 1879-1893
Mannlicher M1893 Bolt-action 6.5x53mmR 1893-1938
Mosin-Nagant Bolt-action 7.62x54mmR 1917-1963
vz. 24 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1938-1963
PM md. 63 Selective fire .280 British 1963-1990s
PA md. 86 Selective fire .280 British 1986-
Beretta ARX160 Selective fire .280 British 2019-

Ruanda[edit | edit source]

San Marino[edit | edit source]

Senegal[edit | edit source]

Shinjang[edit | edit source]

Slovakia[edit | edit source]

Slovenia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Zastava M70 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1970-2006
SAR 80 Selective fire .280 British 1990s-2006
FN F2000 Selective fire .280 British 2006-

Somalia[edit | edit source]

South Africa[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1910-1960s
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1960-1982
Vektor R4 Selective fire .280 British 1982-1998
Vektor CR-21 Selective fire .280 British 1998-

Soviet Union and Russia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Model 1857 Six Line Percussion cap .60 calibre 1857-1867
M1867 Russian Krnka Breech-loading 15mm 1867-1869
Berdan rifle Bolt-action 10.75×58mm 1869-1891
Mosin-Nagant Bolt-action 7.62×54mmR 1891–1951
SVT-40 Semi-automatic 7.62×54mmR 1940–1955
SKS Semi-automatic 7.62×39mm Soviet 1945–1956
AK-47 Selective fire 7.62×39mm Soviet 1949–1974
AKM Selective fire 7.62×39mm Soviet 1959–1974
AK-74 Selective fire 5.45×39mm 1974–2012
AN-94 Selective fire 5.45×39mm 1994-
AK-12 Selective fire 5.45×39mm 2012-

Spain[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
M1752 Musket Flintlock .69 Ball 1752-1850
Model 1857 rifled musket Percussion cap .57 Ball 1857-1867
Berdan rifle Breech-loading 15x41mmR 1867-1868
M1868 Spanish Peabody Falling block .43 Spanish 1868-1870
Remington Rolling Block rifle Rolling block 11.15x58mmR 1870-1893
Mauser Model 1893 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1893-1945
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1942-1958
CETME Model 58 Selective fire .280 British 1958-1997
CETME Model L Selective fire .280 British 1984-1999
Heckler & Koch G36 Selective fire .280 British 2000-

Surinam[edit | edit source]

Sweden[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Remington Rolling Block rifle Rolling block 12.17x42mm RF 1867-1900s
Gevär m/96 Bolt-action 6.5x55mm 1896-1995
Automatgevär m/42 Semi-automatic 6.5x55mm 1942-1965
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1965-
Ak 5 Selective fire .280 British 1986-

Switzerland[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Infanteriegewehr Modell 1842 Percussion cap 18mm 1842-1867
Eidgenössischer Stutzer 1851 Percussion cap 18mm 1861-1863
M1867 Swiss Peabody Falling block 10.4x38mmR 1867-1869
M1842 Swiss Milbank-Amsler Breech-loading 18x25mmR 1869
Vetterli rifle Bolt-action 10.4x38mmR 1869-1890
Schmidt-Rubin Bolt-action 7.5x55mm Swiss 1889-1957
K31 Bolt-action 7.5x55mm Swiss 1933-1958
SIG SG 510 Selective fire 7.5x55mm Swiss 1957-1990
SIG SG 550 Selective fire .280 British 1988-

Syria[edit | edit source]

São Tomé and Príncipe[edit | edit source]

Tchad[edit | edit source]

Thailand[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Type 46 rifle Bolt-action 8x52mmR 1903-1960s
vz. 24 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1940s-1960s
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1961-1980s
Heckler & Koch HK33 Selective fire .280 British 1968-
IWI Tavor Selective fire .280 British 2008-
IWI Galil ACE Selective fire .280 British 2018-
FN SCAR Selective fire .280 British 2020-

Tibet[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1914-1959
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1959-

Timor-Leste[edit | edit source]

Togo[edit | edit source]

Tonga[edit | edit source]

Tunisia[edit | edit source]

Turkey[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Mauser Model 1871 Bolt-action 9.5x60mmR 1887-1938
Gewehr 1888 Bolt-action 7.65x53mm Argentine 1890-1938
Mauser Model 1893 Bolt-action 7.65x53mm Argentine 1893-1938
Gewehr 98 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1903-1970s
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1945-1970s
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1950s-1970s
Heckler & Koch G3 Selective fire .280 British 1970s-
AK-47 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1989-
Heckler & Koch HK33 Selective fire .280 British 1997-
MKEK MPT Selective fire .280 British 2015-

Ukraine[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
SKS Semi-automatic 7.62x39mm Soviet 1949-
AKM Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1959-
AK-74 Selective fire 5.45x39mm 1974-
Vepr Selective fire 5.45x39mm 2010-
IWI Tavor Selective fire .280 British 2014-

United Arab Emirates[edit | edit source]

Uruguay[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Mauser Model 1908 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1908-1958
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1950s-2009
AK-101 Selective fire .280 British 2002-
AK-102 Selective fire .280 British 2002-
Heckler & Koch G36 Selective fire .280 British 2008-
Steyr AUG Selective fire .280 British 2009-

Urundi[edit | edit source]

Venezuela[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Gewehr 98 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1898-1960s
FN Model 1949 Semi-automatic 7x57mm Mauser 1950-1960s
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1954-2006
FDI M-16/70 Selective fire 5.56x45mm American 2006-

Vietnam[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Musket Model 1777 Flintlock .69 Ball 1810s-1860s
Fusil Gras mle 1874 Bolt-action 11x59mmR Gras 1880s-1950s
Lebel Model 1886 rifle Bolt-action 8x50mmR Lebel 1910s-1950s
Mosin-Nagant Bolt-action 7.62x54mmR 1920s-1960s
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1940s-1975
FN FAL Selective fire .280 British 1960s-2012
IWI Tavor Selective fire .280 British 2012-
IWI Galil ACE Selective fire .280 British 2015-

Yemen[edit | edit source]

Yugoslavia[edit | edit source]

Firearm Type Calibre Service
Minié rifle Percussion cap .58 Minié 1856-1880s
Green M1867 Percussion cap 14.9mm 1867-1880s
Peabody M1870 Percussion cap 14.9mm 1870-1880s
Mauser-Koka Bolt-action 10.15x63mmR 1880-1916
Mauser Model 1895 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1900-1930s
Mauser M910 Bolt-action 7x57mm Mauser 1910-1930s
Mannlicher M1895 Bolt-action 8x50mmR 1913-1930s
Mosin-Nagant Bolt-action 7.62x54mmR 1914-1920s
Berthier rifle Bolt-action 8x50mmR Lebel 1916-1930s
FN Model 24 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1928-1949
Karabiner 98k Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1941-1949
Lee-Enfield Bolt-action .303 British 1941-1949
Zastava M48 Bolt-action 7.92x57mm Mauser 1949-1966
Zastava M59/66 Semi-automatic 7.62x39mm Soviet 1966-1980s
Zastava M70 Selective fire 7.62x39mm Soviet 1970-2006
Zastava M90 Selective fire 5.45x39mm 1991-
Zastava M21 Selective fire 5.45x39mm 2008-

Zaire[edit | edit source]

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