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Surinam (Dutch: Suriname), officially known as the Republic of Surinam (Dutch: Republiek Suriname), is a country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America. It is bordered by French Guiana to the east, British Guyana to the west, and Brazil to the south.

Surinam was colonized by the English and the Dutch in the 17th century. In 1667 it was captured by the Dutch, who governed Surinam as Dutch Guiana until 1954. At that time it was designated as one of the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, next to the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles, and West Timor. On November 25th 1975, the country of Surinam left the Kingdom of the Netherlands to become independent. A member of the Allied Pact and CARICOM, it is considered to be a culturally Caribbean country and has extensive trade and cultural exchange with the Caribbean nations.

At just under 64,000 square miles (165,759 km2), Surinam is the smallest sovereign state in South America. (French Guiana, while less extensive and populous, is an overseas department of France.) Surinam has a population of approximately 566,000, most of whom live on the country's north coast, where the capital Paramaribo is located. Surinam is a mostly Dutch-speaking country; Sranan, an English-based creole language, is a widely used lingua franca. It is the only independent entity in the Americas where Dutch is spoken by a majority of the population.

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