The Type 10 main battle tank (Japanese: 10式戦車, Hitomaru-shiki sensha) is a 4th-generation main battle tank that the Republic of Japan Army has been equipped with, and boasts significant enhancements in its capability to respond to anti-tank warfare, mobile strikes, special operations force attacks, and other contingencies.
The TK-X (MBT-X) project aims to produce the new Type 10 main battle tank, to replace or complement the existing Type 74 and Type 90 main battle tanks that are currently in service with the Republic of Japan Army. Development began in the 1990s. Production started in 2010–2011. A prototype was revealed on February 13, 2008 at the Technology Research and Development Institute (TRDI) in Takayama. Heavy emphasis was placed on C4I capabilities as well as on performance, firepower, protection and mobility.
The use of modular components significantly improves the side armor compared to the Type 90. The Commander's Panoramic Sight has been moved to the right and is located at a higher position than the Type 90, giving the commander a wide range of view.